Have you ever looked at your house, school or any building and wondered who built it?
If you have, then the answer is: an architect!
Architects have been around since the dawn of ancient civilizations. They are people who plan, design and review the construction of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the building. They also help conserve important historical monuments and create awe-inspiring landmarks. Considered an art form since the Greek and Roman civilizations, architects have enjoyed a special appreciation from the society for their creative work.
Over the course of centuries, Architects have created some of the most beautiful landmarks and buildings with their imagination and creative prowess. An Architect works with multiple teams to ensure everything is on track in the quest to execute their vision.
Here are some of the day-to-day activities of an architect:
Drawing and conceptualizing new buildings by hand as well as on computer using concepts of Geometry and Mathematics
Creating detailed project layouts and mock-ups
Preparing budget and material requirements for a project
Preparing and presenting proposals to clients and investors
Getting materials from vendors and making sure they are of the highest quality
Regular site visits to check on the progress of the project
Keeping a track of the project timelines and aid in clearing any problems that might arise
Adhering to project timelines and a care for the surrounding flora and fauna
There are many types of Architects. Let us look at some of the more prominent ones and what they do:
Residential Architect: They specialize in creating individual residential properties or large scale commercial houses/apartments.
Commercial Architect: These architects are involved in creating public buildings like shopping malls, schools, etc.
Interior Designer: This discipline of architecture involves in designing beautiful living spaces for both private and commercial projects.
Green Design Architect: They utilize innovative techniques to make the building more environment friendly. The buildings are made using solar panels, underground rooms with an emphasis on organic design.
Landscape Architect: These architects focus on outdoor projects like parks, playgrounds, etc.
Industrial Architect: They undertake important government or private projects like building dams, power projects, etc.
How can one become a qualified Architect in India?
One can complete a degree in general or specialized architecture from a recognized architecture school. In India, architecture students take the undergraduate course (Bachelor of Architecture). This course lasts for 5 years.
Followed by this, there is also a Master of Architecture course, if one opts to do it. After studies, an internship with an architectural firm helps one gain some sound practical knowledge and skill-sets.
Now, let’s look at some of the world’s famous architects and their notable work:
Fariborz Sahba is an Iranian Bahá’í architect and a member of the National Spiritual Assembly of Canada. A Master’s student from the Faculty of Fine Arts at the University of Tehran, he is a well-known figure among the global architectural circles.
One of his famous project is the Lotus Temple in Delhi. The Bahai Lotus Temple was built as a Bahá'í house of worship.
The Bahai Lotus Temple
The temple has 27 marble ‘petals’ that are arranged to make it look like a lotus flower. Inspired by the lotus flower, the temple stands at a height of 40 metres. Now isn’t that amazing! The next time you are in Delhi, don’t forget to visit this beautiful landmark.
Stephen Sauvestre was a French architect. He was one among the four architects of the Eiffel Tower in Paris. He was also the architect for many other important commercial and social projects in Paris during his time.
He graduated from the École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures, one of the most prestigious schools in Paris.
Stephen Sauvestre, Renowned Architect
The Eiffel Tower is considered to be one of the most popular landmarks in the world standing at 984 feet. Being the tallest structure to date in Paris, the tower was revealed at the 1889 World Fair.
The monument is made of more than 18 thousand pieces of iron puddle with 2.5 million rivets holding them together.
Sources & Links:
Architect: A Candid Guide to the Profession by Roger K. Lewis
The Architect: Chapters in the History of the Profession edited by Spiro Kostof
Delhi Travel Guide 2018: By T Turner
Symmetry and Spectroscopy of Molecules By K. Veera Reddy
The Architecture of Paris: An Architectural Guide By Andrew Ayers