When you fall sick and go to the hospital, you might have noticed the doctor/medical practitioner treating you with medicines and different diagnosis. A doctor is a profession that concerns practising of medicines. The end objective being restoration of health through diagnosis and appropriate treatment. The profession demands that the practitioner learn and grow continuously. A doctor is also called a Physician.


Understanding the human body in depth is a complex process and staying current is a vital and intellectually stimulating aspect of being a doctor. The profession allows doctors to provide good medical care to the patients and also an opportunity to have a positive impact on others life.

Doctors can work self-employed in a private practice or as employees of institutions such as hospitals and medical colleges. One requires an MBBS degree to become a Doctor in India.

Some of day to day duties of a Doctor are:

  • Learn a patient’s medical history for diagnosis, lab tests and medications

  • Perform tests and co-ordinate with other departments for patient welfare

  • Keep an update on the latest medical developments, researches and discoveries in the field

  • Perform surgeries in severe cases or in cases where treatment by medicines or therapy is not recommended

  • Provide supervision to physician assistants and nurse practitioners

  • Examine instruments, equipment, and operating room to ensure sterility

Doctors can be primary care physicians, or they may specialize in a particular area of medicine such as internal medicine, emergency medicine, obstetrics, paediatrics, etc. Every major system in our human body requires different types of specialised doctors. Some of them are as follows:

Anaesthesiologist: Anaesthesiologists assess illness that needs a specific type of treatment and the anaesthetic medicine dosages for each specific situation. These doctors give you drugs to numb your pain or to put you under during surgery, childbirth, or other procedures. They monitor your vital signs while you’re under anesthesia.

Cardiologist: Cardiologists specialize in the research and treatment of the heart and the health issues related to it.

Dermatologist: Dermatologists practice in the research and treatment of skin.

Neurologist: Neurologists practice in the research and treatment of human brain to determine conditions and treatments for serious disorders such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Dementia.

Family Physicians: They care for the whole family, including children, adults, and the elderly. They do routine check-ups and screening tests, give you flu and timely immunization shots.

You might be wondering, how can one become a qualified Doctor in India?

To start off with, Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) degree is required. This is a five and a half year medicine course in India which includes 4 and a half years of study followed by a one year internship.

The Medical Council of India regulates the medical education in India. Students can appear for the entrance exam organized at national or university levels. NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) is mostly considered for providing admission to MBBS courses. After graduation, candidates may pursue a post-graduation in MD which is a Masters programme in Medicine or a Master of Surgery (MS). In a post-graduation in MD, a candidate can specialize in Obstetrics, Orthopaedics, Cardiology and several other specialization options. Whereas in an MS, one can specialize in Plastic surgery, Urology, Cardiac surgery amongst several others.


Now, let’s look at a famous Doctor and his notable work:

Dr Khalid is a prominent doctor of Neurosurgery. The treatment of spinal disorders is his area of clinical interest.


Dr Khalid received his bachelor’s degree in biological sciences from the University of Illinois in Champaign-Urbana in 1993. He pursued his education in the same University and earned his Doctor of Medicine degree with Honours in 1999.

Currently, as on 2017, he is serving at the Yale University as the Director of the Spine Surgery Department.


Sources & Links:

On Becoming a Doctor: Everything You Need to Know about Medical School by Tania Heller

The Essential Guide to Becoming a Doctor by Adrian Blundell, Richard Harrison, Benjamin W. Turney

Yale University Website