You must have seen you parents watch the news with much curiosity. Have you ever wondered who are behind the whole process of collecting and providing news to the people?

The person behind the collection & reporting of news is called a journalist. Journalists are professionals who write and report events from social issues and politics to sports and entertainment. They work for newspapers, TV channels, magazines, dailies and websites. As a matter of fact, journalists also work in many government and public sector publications.



Here are some of the day-to-day activities of a journalist:

1. Covering political issues, law and order, sports, education, local affairs.

2. Writing articles on the events they have covered or are researching.

3. Witnessing local and national events and reporting them to the news sub-editor.

4. Processing the covered stories for presentation with headlines.

5. Publishing the news with no personal bias.

There are many types of journalists in the print medium separated by hierarchy. Let us look at some of the notable ones and what they do:


Reporters are the people who cover stories about political issues, law and order, sports, education, local affairs and present them as news story articles or documentaries. General reporters work on covering all kinds of news stories. Also, there are some journalists who specifically cover certain areas like sports, entertainment, etc.


Sub-editors collect the news stories from the reporters and transform them into readable snippets which suits the particular need medium. In fact, they do not involve themselves in covering news stories out in the field. Sub-editors always focus on the presentation part



Photojournalists are journalists who tell news via photographs. Of course, they cover events with a reporter to illustrate the written story but they mostly attend news events on their own to present pictures with captions.

The Editor:

The editor is the person who takes the ultimate decision about the inclusion of news stories in a newspaper, magazine or news bulletins. The editor is solely responsible for content issued by the journalists from their office.

The News Editor:

The news editor is in charge of all the news journalists. Mostly, the news editor makes all the decisions about the allotment of news coverage. In certain cases, the chief of staff who is the deputy of the news editor assigns the reporters to work on selected stories

Feature writers:

Feature writers are journalists who write longer stories for newspapers and magazines. A feature editor is the person who is in charge of all the feature articles.

Specialist writers:

Specialist writers are journalists who basically work as freelancers. They usually work on personal columns, reviews about books, films and art performances..


How can one become a qualified Journalist in India?

In India, courses in journalism are offered in english, hindi and other regional languages. One can do graduate and postgraduate courses in journalism to become a journalist. The least qualification for the UG courses in journalism is completing the higher secondary education with a 50% aggregate. There is no specific stream for journalism during higher secondary education. After graduation, one can start an apprenticeship in newspapers, TV channels or media houses. Also, there are a number of postgraduate diploma courses in journalism.

Now, let’s look at a famous journalist and his notable work:

Arnab Goswami


Arnab Ranjan Goswami is an Indian journalist and television news anchor who was born on 9th October 1973. He is the co-founder and managing director of the news channel Republic TV.

Arnab Goswami worked as the editor-in-chief and news anchor in the Indian news channel, Times Now and ET Now for ten years. Notably, he hosts the show, ‘Nation Wants to Know’ on Republic TV which has featured many political leaders from India.