Equivalent Fractions



Sometimes the fractions that look different may have same value and those type of fractions are called equivalent fractions.

  • We can make equivalent fractions by multiplying or dividing both numerator and denominator by the same number.
  • We only multiply or divide, never add or subtract, to get an equivalent fraction.
  • Divide only when the numerator  and denominator are whole numbers.

These fractions are really the same: 1/2 = 2/4= 4/8

When you multiply or divide both the numerator and the denominator by the same number, the fraction keeps its value same.

We need to change the Numerator and the Denominator using multiplication or division”.


Multiplication method:

These fractions are the same, can be seen with multiplication method :1/2 = 2/4 = 4/8

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Division Method:

Here are some more equivalent fractions, this time by dividing:

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Both the numerator and denominator should stay as whole numbers. Keep simplifying the fractions until we are sure that it cannot be divided further.