Division

 

Division is one of the four basic operations of arithmetic, division of two natural numbers is the process of calculating the number of times one number is contained within another one. In division, the dividend is divided by the divisor to get a quotient.

In Division, there are some keywords one need to know in order to have a better understanding of the terminologies(terms) that are being used during the process.

1) Quotient (Q): The result obtained as the division of the dividend by the divisor is called as the quotient.

2) Dividend/Numerator (N): The number which gets divided by another integer is called as the dividend or numerator. 

1) Divisor/Denominator (D): The number which divides the dividend is called as the divisor or denominator.

2) Remainder (R): If the dividend is not divided completely by the divisor, then the number left at the end of the division is called as the remainder.

Demonstration

1) 836 people are watching a movie in a hall. If the hall has 44 rows, how many people can sit in 1 row?

Answer:  

Number of people watching a movie = 836

Number of rows = 44

Number of people sitting in 1 row = 836 ÷ 44 = 19

 

2) A gardener bought 458 apples trees. He wants to plant 15 trees in each row. How many rows will be required to plant the apple trees?

Answer:  No of  trees bought = 458

                No of  trees planted in 1 row = 15

                Therefore: No of  rows required = 458 ÷ 15

We get 30 as the Quotient and 8 as the Remainder. Hence, he can plant in 30 rows and 8 trees are left over.