Safety And First Aid
We may get hurt when working with machines, gadgets, playing, etc. When we get hurt with burns, cuts, open wounds or injuries they become vulnerable spots for micro-organisms to enter our body. Also, in case we bleed it’s important to ensure that there is not much loss of blood. In such cases, first aid is the immediate care given to a person who is injured before medical help arrives. Any 'First Aid Box' contains funadamental items such as:
- Antiseptic Cream
- Paper Tape
- Adhesive Tape
Types of first aid and their usage:
- Cuts and minor wounds: For these types of wounds, clean the wounded area, apply antiseptic with sterile cotton, and if the wound does not stop bleeding tie it up with a tight bandage known as a tourniquet.
- Burns: If the burns are superficial then the burnt area must be exposed to cold water. If the burn type form blisters then wash the burn with water and cover it with a clean cloth.
- Broken Bones: Do not move the broken part of the body. If the bone of the hand is broken, tie it up with a sling using bandage and cotton.
- Sprain: Do not move the sprained part of the body. To keep it from moving an elastic bandage can be tied around the affected area. On the first day, the sprain must be treated by soaking the affected area in cold water. From the second day onwards, soak the affected area in warm water two or three times a day. An ointment is recommended and must be properly rubbed and applied in the affected area for better healing.