The most important reason for plotting points is to study relationships between variables.
Consider, for example, the fund raising history of a small public radio station. During its first year of operation listener contributions amounted to $70,000.
The table below gives contribution amounts for several years.
In order to have a useful plot of this data we will need to have different scales on the two axes. The first coordinate of each of the six points will be the year, and we will measure contributions in $10,000 increments, so the first point will be (1,7), the second (3,14.5), etc.
Scatter Plot of Contribution Data
From the scatter plot one sees easily that while contributions are rising, they increased more rapidly in the early years. This visual representation of the data makes trends and patterns more obvious than they are from the data table.