Agriculture And Organic Farming
India is primarily an agriculture driven country where most parts of our country produce different types of crops.. Agricultural practices and technologies have grown rapidly and selection of farming method totally depends on the awareness and financial condition of the farmer. Today’s times when diseases are more, agriculture ensures we generate fresh food for nutrition of living beings. There are many methods in farming.
It is the practice of farming of crops and livestock without using inorganic chemical fertilizers, pesticides or any other genetically modified organisms. It is a holistic method to enhance the productivity in the agricultural field along with economic growth, thus promising a sustainable environment. Nowadays farmers are aware of the harmful and toxic effect of fertilizers and other cop protecting chemicals used. As a result, they started to rely on organic farming. It has many benefits over the other practices. They are eco-friendly and help to reduce the soil infertility and soil erosion issues.
What we grow is what we eat, since nutrition is so essential, organic farming is becoming the preferred method.
In this method, composted organic manure is used for nutrition of crops and thus improves the organic content and fertility of the soil. Crop rotation, mixed cropping, organic control, hand weeding are the other techniques used in organic farming to maintain soil fertility and for pest- weed control. These systems of pest and weed management and soil protection make organic farming a best method. Yet all crops cannot be grown by this method.
Advantages of organic farming
- It helps in keeping agricultural production at a sustainable level.
- It helps to maintain environmental health by reducing the level of pollution.
- It reduces human and animal health hazards by reducing the level of residues in the product.
- It reduces the cost of agricultural production and also improves the soil health.
- It not only saves energy for both animal and machine but also reduces the risk of crop failure.
- It improves the soil chemical and physical properties such as granulation, good aeration, easy root penetration and improve water-holding capacity and reduces erosion.
- It ensures optimum utilization of natural resources for the short-term benefit and helps in conserving them for future generation